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276 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
Will of William Fitzhugh,
And Other Extracts From the Records of Stafford County.
The following is an abstract of the will of Colonel William Fitzhugh,
on record at Stafford Courthouse :
" I, William Fitzhugh, of Statford County, gentleman, now bound for
England. Dated April 9th, 1700. To eldest son William all that tract
called Vaulx land, in Westmoreland, containing 6,000 acres; a tract on
Nominy in Westmoreland containing 475 acres; another tract adjoining
Vaulx land at the head of Pope's Creek, containing 250 acres, also one
half of a tract of 21,996 acres in Stafford, patented by me, lying above
Occoquan; also to William the land I live on in Stafford, 1,000 acres,
reserving one half of this land to my wife for her life.
To son Henry one half of the said 21,996 acres; a tract above Occo-
quan ; also 600 acres called the Quarter land ; also a tract of 6,000
acres in Stafford at the head of Potomac Creek, called Wilkinson's
To son Thomas the land I bought of William Waugh, being 400
acres on Rappahannock River, also 1,090 acres, bought of Parson
Waugh, in the forest between the Rappahannock River and Potomac
Creek, nigh the head thereof, also 350 acres on Rappahannock, also
1,248 acres in Rappahannock forest, also 1,246 acres in the same.
To son George 2,100 acres on Acquia and Chappawamsic Creeks in
Stafford, also the first choice of 400 acres (out of a dividend of 6,000
acres patented by Mr. Carey's father and mother), also 500 acres on
Quantico Creek, also half of 800 acres near Quantico ; also half of 2,150
acres at the head of Quantico; also a tract of 1,000 acres lying near
the falls of Occoquan (where a tanyard was made by Mr. Rice Hooe's
father) ; also a tract, 500 acres, between Hollowing Point and Diggs's
Island, within two miles of Col. Mason's.
To son John, 200 acres in Paspetanzy, bought of Dr. Richard Bryant,
and now leased to the said Bryant ; also 150 acres lying back of my
dwelling plantation ; also 200 acres near Chotank ; also 548 acres lying
upon Paspetanzy forest ; also 400 acres lying near Machodick Dam, a
little distance from my dwelling plantation ; also another tract of 100
acres ; another of 175 acres between Rappahannock and Potomac ;
also 400 acres upon Mathodick Dam, a little distance from my dwelling
house ; also 100 acres.
To wife Sarah one half of the plantation I live on for her life, and
the use and benefit of the still thereon (in lieu of dower); but if she
refuses is to have her thirds.
WILL OF WILLIAM FITZHUGH. 277
All other lands in Virginia, and rights or pretensions to lands in
England or Maryland, to son William.
To wife seven negroes, one silver bason, three silver plates, one of
the lesser silver candlesticks, half the silver spoons in the house, the
second best silver tankard, a silver porringer, a large silver ladle, the
great silver tumbler, and desires that she should leave this silver to his
youngest son John.
To his son William, eight negroes, two silver dishes, six silver plates
of those that came in last year from Mr. Mason, one large silver salver
Jappon, one small silver bread plate, one heavier, one larger silver salt,
one silver porringer of the largest sort, a pair of large silver candle-
sticks, with snuffers, snuff dish and extinguisher, the great silver tank-
ard, and a set of silver castors.
To his son Henry, seven negroes, two silver dishes, of those that
came in last year from Mr. Mason, a small silver bread plate, one silver
trencher salt, one silver porringer of the largest sort, and a silver
candlestick with snuffers and stand.
To his son Thomas, seven negroes, and (after his elder brothers are
served) one silver dish, three silver plates, a silver porringer, a silver
salt, and a silver candlestick.
To son George, seven negroes, and (after his elder brothers are
served) one silver dish, three silver plates, one silver porringer (if one
is left), a silver salt, a silver candlestick, and the smallest silver candle-
To his son John, seven negroes, one silver bason, three silver plates,
a silver salt, a small silver tumbler, and six silver spoons.
To eldest son William, two large silver dishes that are now coming
in from England, on condition that he pay each of my other four sons
£10 sterling, and if he does not said dishes are to be equally divided
among my five sons.
To son William .£200 sterling out of my money in England ; to wife
Sarah .£120, and to each of sons Henry, Thomas, George and John
^"120 sterling to be paid to said sons when they reach the age of six-
teen; and what may remain of my money in England to be equally
divided between my sons William, and Henry.
Give my riding horse Tickler to my wife, and all other horses to son
William, who is to provide each of the younger sons with a good young
Beds, furniture, &c, to be divided between wife and son William.
Give to son William my own and my wife's pictures, the other six
pictures of my relations, and the large map in my study.
Give my study of books to William and Henry, and the remainder of
my pictures and maps to my wife.
278 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
As to goods and merchandize — I have two stores ; provision therefrom
for use of the family for two years, and give the remainder to William,
on condition that he pay each younger son /so sterling.
To sons Henry and Thomas, the stocks of sheep, cattle, and hogs,
at the Church Quarter plantation, and to wife and son William the re-
mainder of stock.
Codicil, Oct. 20, 1701 : Son William to have charge of the four
younger sons and their estates until they are eighteen years of age.
Codicil (2d). To servants John Nicholson, Henry the Carpenter,
and Thomas the glazier, the time remaining due by their indentures.
To my cousin David Abbott the time due by his indentures, being
seven years; to Mrs. Ann O'Donnell two stufF gowns and petticoats ; to
mother [probably wife's mother] certain sheets and flannel; and (at the
request of my wife) a negro woman [named], for a particular respect
she has to her, is to be exempted from working in the ground.
To wife Sarah and son William, both my coaches, horses, and gear ;
To Mr. John Clark £$ for a ring; to Mr. Andrew Clark £$ for a ring;
to Dr. Spence £5 for a ring ; to Dr. Spence's wife 20 shillings for a ring;
to sons George and John, a dozen silver spoons, I brought out of Eng-
land with me ; to son Henry, my silver Manteeth [?] I brought out of
England ; to son Thomas a silver chocolate pot I brought out of Eng-
Proved in Stafford, December ioth, 1701.
On Nov. 18th, 1701, Mrs. Sarah Fitzhugh, widow and relict of Colo-
nel William Fitzhugh, late deceased, relinquishes her right of dower.
The inventory of Colonel William Fitzhugh's estate includes 51 ne-
groes and mulattoes, and 6 English servants.
The inventory of the personal estate of Henry Fitzhugh, Esquire,
deceased, son of William, and grandson of William Fitzhugh, the im-
migrant, recorded in Stafford, March 2d, 1742-3, shows a very large and
valuable estate. Articles are named as being in the parlor chamber,
the hall chamber, the porch chamber, the study chamber, the garrett,
the back room, the hall closet (which contained, among other things,
a silver-hilted cutlass and belt, a silver-hilted small dress sword, a spy-
glass, a drum, a case containing a German and an English flute with
an "8 do 12," a backgammon table and boxes, a cane and sword belt,
two powder horns, &c); the chamber back room (containing, among
other things, 8 yards of "Virginia Demmety "), "The Chamber," the
study, the chamber closet, the hall (which contained, among other
things, a book-case valued at £$, a set of silver knee buckles, a pair of
gold studs, a silver watch, a family seal, a reading glass, a nocturnal, a
EXTRACTS FROM RECORDS OF STAFFORD CO. 279
universal dial, twelve silver spoons, twelve ivory knives, six tea spoons,
tongs, &c, a soup ladle, two pair of silver candlesticks, snuffers and
pan, six silver plates, a silver teapot, engraved, a parcel ot old silver
(valued at £6. 15. 11%), new silver plate (valued at £11. 17. 9), six sil-
ver plates (valued at ,£33. o. 10), one large two-handled silver cup
(valued at ,£52. 10, " £2$ sterling of this cup belongs to Mrs. Fitzhugh "),
china, glass, wine glasses, a silver punch ladle, &c); books, per a cata-
logue [not given], valued at .£258. 7. 9; in the kitchen, in the dairy, in
the new store-house, in the old store-house, in the cellar, in the new
house, and in the meat-house.
One inventory contains 52 slaves and 3 white servants; another
" Mulatto Peter's estate," 10 slaves; another "at Aaron's Quarter," 16
slaves, and another "at Miles Quarter," 15 slaves.
[Colonel Henry Fitzhugh, of " Eagle's Nest," whose estate is here
described, was the only son of William Fitzhugh, of the same place —
who was appointed member of the Council in 1711, and died about
January, i7i3-'4— was educated at the University of Oxford, where he
matriculated at Christ Church, October 20th, 1722, at the age of fifteen;
was long a member of the House of Burgesses, and once an unsuccess-
ful candidate for Speaker; married Lucy, daughter of Robt. Carter, of
"Corotoman," and left— besides a daughter Elizabeth, who married
Benjamin Grymes, and was the grandmother of Bishop Meade— an
only son, William Fitzhugh, of "Chatham," Stafford county, who was
a member of the House of Burgesses, of the Revolutionary Conven-
tions, and of Congress, 1779-80. The last named married Miss Ran-
dolph, of " Chatsworth," Henrico county, and had two daughters, Mrs.
Craig and Mrs. G. W. P. Custis— the mother of Mrs. R. E. Lee— and
an only son, William H. Fitzhugh, of " Ravensworth," Fairfax county,
a young man of great talent, who was a member of the Virginia
Legislature, and Convention of 1829, and who, dying without issue,
ended the male line of the eldest branch of the Fitzhughs].
By an order of Stafford County Court, Feb. 15, 1748, there was set
apart, out of the estate of Col. Henry Fitzhugh, in St. Paul's parish,
Mrs. Lucy Harrison's dower, and thirds of slaves, stocks, &c, and
under an agreement with Col. Nathaniel Harrison [of "Brandon"],
and Lucy, his wife [late the widow of Henry Fitzhugh], there was
assigned to her 732 acres out of the "home house tract" (the whole
containing 1,797 acres) and 27 slaves.
Captain William Fitzhugh [Jr.], was a Burgess from Stafford in 1700,
280 VIRGINIA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE.
Major William Fitzhugh [Jr.], in 1701; appointed clerk of the county
July i8tb, 1701.
There is recorded in Stafford a long deed, dated March 8th, 1759,
from William Fitzhugh, of Calvert county, Md., Esquire, to Bailey
Washington, of Stafford county, Va., gentleman, reciting that Richard
Cary and George Seaton obtained a patent, in 1662, for 6.000 acres on
the Potomac, in Westmoreland, which had been granted in 1659 to Mr.
Hugh Gywnne, who sold it to said Seaton and Thomas Morris ; that
Morris and Mary, his wife, sold their share to the said Cary, who by
his will, dated Nov. 29th, 1682, left 400 acres of said land to his wife
(who afterwards married Samuel Aldred and sold her share to George
Brent), and that said Cary, by his will, also gave 250 acres of said tract
to his son, Richard, in tail, and the remainder of said land to his sons
John and Richard, in fee ; but providing that if the heirs of said Seaton
(who was then dead) should on coming of age, should repay £60
which said Cary had expended in sowing and seating said land, then
they should have a moiety of it; and that Richard Cary, the son, by
deed dated Nov., 1698, sold his interest to William Fitzhugh, grand-
father of the said William Fitzhugh (party to the deed), conveying
2,100 acres, and that the said William Fitzhugh, the elder, by will, gave
said land to his son, George Fitzhugh, who died about 1722, intestate,
leaving issue, George, his eldest son (who is since dead without issue)
and the said Wm. Fitzhugh, party to the deed; and also that John
Cary, Jr., of the County of Gloucester, gentleman, entered into part of
said land (1,000 acres) in tail, under the will of Richard Cary, the first
named, and by deed, dated October, 1752, sold said 1,000 acres to Wm.
Fitzhugh, party to this deed, the entail being docked by an act of the
Assembly; and said Wm. Fitzhugh now conveys 1,664 acres to said
In the index to wills is found, between 1729-48, the will of John
Fitzhugh; but the will book is one of those stolen or destroyed during
the late war.